In this episode, we explore the “gender” side of the sex and gender bias in medicine. This is part 3 of our series, and we look at assumptions and stereotypes specifically related to people assigned female at birth and illness as held by the overall medical community. We give a brief overview of the history of hysteria, and highlight some ways illness in which women were viewed culturally in the past 150 years. Finally, we discuss a 2018 theory-guided literature review which looked into how gender bias and gender norms have affected medical treatment, specifically for men and women with chronic pain.
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SOURCES: Clickable links at insixteenyears.com/episode48
—Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and the Origins of American Gynecology Book by Deirdre Cooper Owens
—For Her Own Good: Two Centuries of the Experts Advice to Women Book by Barbara Ehrenreich
—The Makings of a Modern Epidemic: Endometriosis, Gender and Politics Book by Kate Seear
—Lecture Notes: Freud, “Aetiology of Hysteria” (1896) – Lecture notes from University of Washington Professor Richard T. Gray (Winter Quarter, 2016)
–Briggs, Laura. “The Race of Hysteria: ‘Overcivilization’ and the ‘Savage’ Woman in Late Nineteenth-Century Obstetrics and Gynecology.” American Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 2, 2000, pp. 246–273. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30041838. Accessed 14 Oct. 2020.
–Anke Samulowitz, Ida Gremyr, Erik Eriksson, Gunnel Hensing, ““Brave Men” and “Emotional Women”: A Theory-Guided Literature Review on Gender Bias in Health Care and Gendered Norms towards Patients with Chronic Pain”, Pain Research and Management, vol. 2018, Article ID 6358624, 14 pages, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6358624