Updated 4/2023. Part 3 – Why Is Pain Dismissed in People Assigned Female at Birth?
In this episode, we explore the “gender” side of the sex and gender bias in medicine. We look at assumptions and stereotypes specifically related to people assigned female at birth and illness as held by the overall medical community. We give a brief overview of the history of hysteria, and highlight some ways illness in which women and people perceived as women were viewed culturally in the past 150 years. Finally, we discuss a 2018 theory-guided literature review which looked into how gender bias and gender norms have affected medical treatment, specifically for cis-men and cis-women with chronic pain.
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SOURCES: Clickable links at insixteenyears.com/episode48
—Doing Harm: The Truth About How Bad Medicine and Lazy Science Leave Women Dismissed, Misdiagnosed, and Sick Book by Maya Dusenbery
—Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and the Origins of American Gynecology Book by Deirdre Cooper Owens
—For Her Own Good: Two Centuries of the Experts Advice to Women Book by Barbara Ehrenreich
—The Makings of a Modern Epidemic: Endometriosis, Gender and Politics Book by Kate Seear
—Lecture Notes: Freud, “Aetiology of Hysteria” (1896) – Lecture notes from University of Washington Professor Richard T. Gray (Winter Quarter, 2016)
–Briggs, Laura. “The Race of Hysteria: ‘Overcivilization’ and the ‘Savage’ Woman in Late Nineteenth-Century Obstetrics and Gynecology.” American Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 2, 2000, pp. 246–273. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30041838. Accessed 14 Oct. 2020.
–Anke Samulowitz, Ida Gremyr, Erik Eriksson, Gunnel Hensing, ““Brave Men” and “Emotional Women”: A Theory-Guided Literature Review on Gender Bias in Health Care and Gendered Norms towards Patients with Chronic Pain”, Pain Research and Management, vol. 2018, Article ID 6358624, 14 pages, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6358624