Ever wonder why so many doctors dismiss the pain of people assigned female at birth or make us feel like (or outright tell us!) that our symptoms are all “in our heads”? This is part 1 of 4 in our series on the Sex and Gender Bias in Medicine and how it affects people assigned female at birth. In this episode, we talk about what this bias is, how it may negatively affect us, and how it may be partially responsible for the long delay in diagnosis for endo patients. While seeking treatment, this bias may be one of several that we face due to our intersecting identities.
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SOURCES: Clickable links at insixteenyears.com/episode44
—Pain and Prejudice by Gabrielle Jackson
—Why medicine often has dangerous side effects for women – Ted Talk by Alyson McGregor, who studies the health of people assigned female at birth.
–Gender Bias in Medical Research: How It Operates and Why It Matters – General overview of gender and sex bias.
—Regulations, Guidance, and Reports related to Women’s Health – On the FDA website, it has important developments in US health regulations of people assigned female at birth since the 1960s to present day, including reports you can view.
—Sex matters: Drugs can affect sexes differently – CBS 60 minutes news report.
—How we fail black patients in pain – Article from the Association of American Medical Colleges.
—Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites – “Racial bias in pain assessment.” Kelly M. Hoffman, Sophie Trawalter, Jordan R. Axt, M. Norman Oliver. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Apr 2016, 113 (16) 4296-4301; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1516047113
–Sabin JA, Riskind RG, Nosek BA. Health Care Providers’ Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Lesbian Women and Gay Men. Am J Public Health. 2015;105(9):1831-1841. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2015.302631